Pakistan’s prime minister called for emergency measures as the death toll from a heatwave in southern Sindh province topped 450.

The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) said it had received orders from Nawaz Sharif to undertake immediate response measures.

The army has also been deployed to set up heat stroke centres and assist the NDMA, it added.

Many of the victims are elderly people from low income families.


The death toll from the heatwave has risen above 450

Health officials say many deaths have been in the largest city, Karachi, which has experienced temperatures as high as 45C (113F) in recent days.

Hundreds of patients suffering from the effects of the heatwave are being treated at government hospitals, provincial health secretary Saeed Mangnejo said.

The demand for electricity for air conditioning has coincided with increased power needs over Ramadan, when Muslims fast during daylight hours.

Hot weather is not unusual during summer months in Pakistan, but prolonged power outages seem to have made matters worse, the BBC’s Shahzeb Jillani reports.

Sporadic angry protests have taken place in parts of the city, with some people blaming the government and the city’s main power utility, K-Electric, for failing to avoid deaths, our correspondent adds.

The prime minister had announced that there will be no electricity cuts but outages have increased since the start of Ramadan, he reports.


How the body copes with extreme heat

The body’s normal core temperature is 37-38C.

If it heats up to 39-40C, the brain tells the muscles to slow down and fatigue sets in. At 40-41C heat exhaustion is likely – and above 41C the body starts to shut down.

Chemical processes start to be affected, the cells inside the body deteriorate and there is a risk of multiple organ failure.

The body cannot even sweat at this point because blood flow to the skin stops, making it feel cold and clammy.

Heatstroke – which can occur at any temperature over 40C – requires professional medical help and if not treated immediately, chances of survival can be slim.

There is a number of things people can do to help themselves. These include:

  • wearing damp clothes which will help lower the body’s temperature
  • sticking one’s hands in cold water
  • placing fans next to windows as this will draw air from outside, which should be cooler
  • wearing looser clothes
  • having a lukewarm shower rather than a cold one
  • fanning the face rather than other parts of the body


Karachi resident Iqbal told the BBC no-one in his family could go outside to work because of the temperature and that everyone in their area preferred to stay at home.

“In our area, there is no electricity [since the] morning. We have complained several times, but there is no response from K-Electric,” he said.


Curtains to protect against the heat are in great demand

According to Pakistan’s metrological office cooler weather is forecast from Tuesday.

The all-time highest temperature reached in Karachi is 47C (117F), recorded in 1979.

Last month, nearly 1,700 people died in a heatwave in neighbouring India.